39 Extinct Dog Breeds

Old English Bulldog

The Old English bulldog was bigger than the bulldogs that are alive today. They were
developed for bull-baiting, and their lower jaws extended far further than their upper jaws.

Salish Woolly Dog

Prized by the Salish coast indians for their fur, these little dogs were kept separate from
other village dogs to preserve the white coat and hair length and sheared like sheep every
The fibre was spun for traditional blanket weaving. The availability of Hudson Bay
trade blankets, inexpensive sheep wool, and the interbreeding of woolly dogs with other breeds
all contributed to the extinction of the breed.

Paisley Terriers

Were bred to be show dogs, and were eventually bred into a much more popular breed: the
Yorkshire terrier.

Southern Hound

Was a breed of dog that existed in Britain probably until sometime in the 19th century. It
is likely that it was gradually interbred with other breeds until the genuine Southern Hound
bloodline ceased to exist.

This all-white tracking dog was so well-regarded in the Middle Ages that many family crests
feature its image. Some historians believe William the Conquerer brought the breed to
England in 1066. The loyal hound was slow but had a great sense of smell and was often used in
battle and for law enforcement. The Talbot went extinct around the 16th century, but its legacy
is carried out by, the beagle and the coonhound.

Toy Bulldogs
lived in the 18th and 19th-century England and were developed in attempts to create a miniature
bulldog. They faded away because of issues with fertility and health.

Hare Indian Dogs
Were bred by Northern Canada’s Hare Indians. It’s possible that they were actually
domesticated coyotes. They disappeared after interbreeding with other dogs.

Alpine Spaniel
Which was used in mountain rescues by the Augustinian Canons, who run hospices in the
region around the Great St. Bernard Pass. The spaniel was a large dog notable for its thick
curly coat. One of the most famous specimens of the Alpine Spaniel is Barry, however his
preserved body has been modified on more than one occasion to fit with descriptions of the
extinct breed from earlier time periods.

Blue Paul Terrier
The enigmatic blue Paul terriers were popular fighting dogs. Supposedly, they were among the
first dogs brought to America. Gets its name because of the bluish tinge it had
on its coat, and from the sailor John Paul Jones who is believed to have brought it to Scotland.
It had a muscular and powerful build, and was a strong and ruthless fighting dog. In the mid-
1800s, these dogs participated regularly in the erstwhile sport of dog fighting. They started
disappearing by around 1850-1900, and is believed to have evolved into American Pit Bull
Terrier and Staffordshire Bull Terrier.

A large breed loved by the Romans and Greeks, the Molossus was the precursor to the Mastiff,
St. Bernard, Great Dane, and others (all called “Molossers”). They are thought to have been used
for hunting, herding, and fighting (but not at the same time).
The Molossus also has an intellectual pedigree: Aristotle was fond of the canine, writing in The History of Animals,The Molossus was one of the most popular and famous dogs of the ancient world, and was the
primary war dog of both the Ancient Greeks and the Ancient Romans. The breed makes numerous
appearances in ancient literature over a period of 800 years, and was known to some of history’s
most famous men, including Aristotle, Alexander the Great, and Virgil. However, very little is
known about the breed itself.

English white terrier (also known as the White english terrier or Old english terrier)
The English White terrier is the failed show ring name of a pricked-ear version of the white
fox-working terriers that have existed in Great Britain since the late 18th Century.

The Kuri was a Polynesian dog which was eventually brought to New Zealand, where it went
extinct. Like the Poi Dog, Kuri dogs were considered a food source, but unlike the
unfortunate Poi Dog, that wasn’t their only purpose. Maori (Native to New Zealand) women
became quite fond of the breed, and kept the Kuri for companionship.
Julien Marie Crozet, a French explorer, said that the Kuri were always “treacherous” and “bit
us frequently.”

Cordoba Fighting Dog
Cordoba fighting dogs were bred in Cordobá,Argentina. Supposedly, they were so aggressive
that they didn’t want to mate, preferring to fight and tried to tear each other apart during
mating. Naturally, the breed vanished as a result.

Had erect ears, sharp snout and a thick tail,tawny colored or entirely white. They weighed
about 35 kilograms (77 lb). Gauchos called Fuegian dogs “maned dogs”because of their
resemblance to the maned wolf. Lucas Bridges described the Fuegian dog as “a stunted cross
between an Alsatian police dog and a wolf.

Toy Trawler Spaniel
Were mostly extinct by 1920. They were bred as hunting dogs, but it turned out that people
preferred them as pets.

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